A diurnal (daytime) frog from Venezuela.

(Dendro g= tree / bates g = one that walks or haunts / Leucomelas = White/Black)

Common Name:  Bumble Bee dyeing poison dart frog

These frogs incorporate Black, Yellow & Orange into recognizable Patterns.

Easily one of the larger and more bold dart frogs, these are a joy to own as a captive breeder! These frogs are very active and as juveniles are a delight in groups of 4-7. The Leucomelas group are a highly intelligent hardy species. They will recognize your voice and are very eager at mealtime. Captive bred Leucomelas are NON-Toxic as the source of their toxin comes from the insects consumed in the wild. Absent this in captivity they are quite harmless. Please resist the urge to handle your dart frog too much as a fall from a standing height can injure your frogs fragile bones or cause internal injuries.

Once your D. Leucomelas have matured, it will be necessary to pair them off and remove any excess frogs. These frogs do not do well in groups as adults. Aggression is especially notable among the females. The dominant female will cause the other to die from stress or drowning. Fighting for territory is common among both the males and the females of this species.

These frogs range in size from 1.5 to 1.75 inches ( 38- 48mm)

 

Dendrobates 'Leucomelas'. Native of Venezuela. A small country bordered by the Caribbean Sea and the countries of Brazil, Columbia, and Guyana. Venezuela comprises 912,050 sq km of tropical climate ranging from 2 meters to its highest point: Pico Bolivar (La Columna) 5,007 m. Tropical- hot, humid; more moderate in highlands.

This frog features black body with orange or yellow coloring. Spots on the body and legs can be quite defined or in some cases very muted. These are sometimes referred to as super fine Spotted yellow Leucomelas. The Orange banded Leucomelas features a black body with definate banding patterns in a nice orange color. Extremely friendly and bold species!

 

These frogs have a very large natural habitat. They can be found widely in Venezuela and also in the neighboring Guyana's and Columbia.

Unfortunately, the quest for resources & development currently threatens this species in the wild. Venezuela is rich in oil, timber, gold, and other precious metals. Habitats are being destroyed at an increasing rate.

 
 
 
 
General Care-

D 'Leucomelas' is extremely easy to care for and a Very hardy species. If you want a frog that is responsive, playful, and friendly, the 'Leucomelas' is one of the best choices. Dendrobates Leucomelas are generally a little more to purchase but are well worth the small additional cost! 2-4 month old froglets range between $75- $90CDN

Feeding- While a great amount of debate exists about the best feeding program for Dart frogs, much has already been learned in the relatively short time these animals have been in captivity. While feeding the widest range of foods available is always a good thing to, these frogs can also thrive on a diet of just Melongaster or Hydei flightless fruit flies.

Always make sure these foods are dusted with both Calcium powder and a vitamin supplement powder as well. We dust our feeder insects at every feeding. Rep-Cal phosphorus free calcium powder with vitamin D has been specially formulated for dart frogs. Other brands containing phosphorus can be damaging to your frogs over the long term and lead to spasms and death. We encourage their use at every feeding. One container can easily last a hobbyist for one year. It is well worth the small investment. In their captive habitat, they nourish mainly on drosophylias as well as micro pinhead crickets. It is also possible to give them small insects found directly in nature, i.e., plant louses or termites. Special care should be taken not to overfeed on these as they contain high levels of fat and chitin. In particular woodlice or the ladybirds. Chitin is not very well digested. There also are risks of obstruction of the bowels. It is important to note that one should not offer food caught in a place treated with insecticides, pesticides or manure.

For advanced information regarding fruit flies and the culturing of other foods visit our Culture Corner (HERE)

 

Housing your Dart Frogs

 

Sexing & Breeding

Sexual dimorphism generally becomes apparent as the frogs mature. This will generally happen around 12-14 months of age. This process can be sped up a bit by feeding your frogs well twice per day instead of once or as some do, or only every two to three days. If you need to sex the frogs before calling and courting begin, there are a few accepted ways.

The front fingers of the male develop a flat, bi-lobed, terminal disc. Males are slightly more large than the female. Males may begin calling immediately, but if not, sometimes an impression of a throat sac can be seen. Tinctorius are not very vocal, however, Just a faint low pitched buzzing sound. Females when ready for breeding will become extremely rotund when gravid with eggs. The female will also appear slightly rounder from the rear. Breeding can be induced at will by replicating a dry season of 5-7 days and then spraying twice a day with mist.

D. 'Leucomelas' prefer to use a coconut hut placed in the enclosure with a Petri type dish or lid container inside. The elaborate courtship mating is quite delicate. This begins with the female stroking the back of the male. The female and male stroke each other as they locate to a more private locale. The mating begins with the male assuming amplexis where he will inseminate the eggs as they emerge. Sometimes the male does not play such an active role at the time of egg deposition. It is always a good idea to leave the eggs where they were laid for up to 48 hours to make sure they are fully fertilized. Beware if you have extra females in the enclosure as they will attack the eggs and eat them. Other females will want the male to resume breeding and not encumbered by the responsibility of a litter to care for. I always remove my eggs at day two and place them in a plastic box for incubating. Carefully add a bit of water to keep the eggs moist but do not submerge them. You are about to embark on a wondrous journey with the creation of your very own froglets!

For More information on Egg Care or Tadpole Care go (HERE)

The Dendrobates 'Leucomelas' is yet another natural wonder of beauty that only nature could create. And only man can eradicate. Please join in our efforts to save this beautiful creature.

Captive breeding programs are starting in Venezuela to provide reliable dendrobate ranching for the locals. This combined with captive breeders worldwide are working to provide a booming hobbyist trade with out decimating wild populations. DO NOT buy illegal wild caught frogs! Many are shipped inhumanely and do nor survive. The ones that do are weakened, sick, and generally do not live long. These can also jeopardize any frogs you already have.

 

 
     
         
 

 
         
 
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